An analysis of the social penetration theory

An analysis of the social penetration theory

Each calculation is unique in its own way because every person prefers different things and therefore will give different responses to different questions. It explains how communication enriches the relationship of two or more individuals. Farber puts it, in psychotherapy "full disclosure is more of an ideal than an actuality. You know how looking at a math problem similar to the one you're stuck on can help you get unstuck? Barriers to Self-Disclosure Several factors can affect the amount of self-disclosure between partners: gender, race, religion, personality, social status and ethnic background. Stable Stage — Communicators share a relationship in which disclosure is open and comfortable. However, if a partner were to react badly to the information, betrayal, mistrust and separation could result. To protect the anonymity of contributors, we've removed their names and personal information from the essays.

Long-time friends discuss their feelings about a difficult family situation. Scholars also use this theory to examine other factors influencing the social penetration process in close friendships.

Social penetration theory essay

Relationships stagnate when the people involved refuse to self-disclose. In this way, sexual disclosure on the part of adolescents under certain circumstances departs from the perspective of the social penetration theory. On social medias, the boundaries between interpersonal and mass communication is blurred, and parasocial interaction PSI is adopted strategically by celebrities to enhance liking, intimacy and credibility from their followers. A comfortable share of positive and negative reactions occurs in this stage. Communicators feel comfortable enough to argue or criticize each other. Whereas, in certain contexts, self-disclosure does not follow the pattern. Computer-mediated communication has also been thought to even speed up the intimacy process because computers allow individual communication to be more, rather than less, open and accommodating about the characteristics of the person or persons involved. They only disclose information relative to the company they work for. If they do not want to open up the first time, the first person has to keep talking to the second person and have many conversations to get to the point where they both feel comfortable enough for them to want to talk to each other about more personal topics.

What is worth noting is that unlike in real-life interpersonal relationship, disclosure reciprocity is not expected in parasocial interactions, although through imagined interactions on social medias, followers do feel they are connected to the media figures. Celebrity's self-disclosure on social media[ edit ] Social media has turned to be a crucial platform for celebrities to engage with their followers.

High school sweethearts living in a suburban town with steady jobs and kids, Cal and his wife Emily share the illusion of a picture-perfect love story.

This is applicable when equal intimacy is involved in friendship, romance, attitudes and families. Relationships stagnate when the people involved refuse to self-disclose. Men tend to disclose their strengths.

Personal ways of speaking, such as using idioms or unconventional language, is allowed to come through.

social penetration theory experiments

What is worth noting is that Tolstedt and Stokes finds that in the de-penetration process, the self-disclosure breadth reduces, while self-disclosure depth increases. In the relationship, if both parties are dyad, the cost exceeds the rewards. As time passes and intimacy grows, the layers of one's personality begin to unfold to reveal the core of the person.

This is known as idiomatic communication, a phenomenon that is reported to occur more often among couples in the coming together stages of a relationship. Therefore, a Japanese person may not self-disclose nearly as much or as enthusiastically as, say, a French person.

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Social Penetration Theory