An examination of the ethics of welfare
Objectives Assess animal population dynamics of animals living in urban environments. However, choice of species should never be made on the basis of conservatism. Challenges of pain assessment in domestic animals. To this end they should be given every encouragement to ensure the best possible welfare for the animals in their care, not only on a day-to-day basis but also through opportunities to contribute to strategic decisions, e.
In the specific context of species selection, the regulators e. Purpose Assess the effects of oral rabies vaccination programs on the welfare of wild animal populations.
Why is animal rights important
New York: Columbia University Press. Objectives Review current welfare assessment frameworks for different animals, especially those targeting wild animals. It follows from this that all sentient mammals can suffer distress not only from consequences of scientific procedures, such as pain, fear and malaise, but also from the emotional consequences of failure to cope; i. At this stage it is sufficient to say that the continued use of these two species must be justified by state-of-the-art science, not by tradition. Identify the ways in which competing for a mate affect the welfare of both male and female individuals. In all these cases, the effectiveness of practical steps to reduce harm and to enrich lifetime experience, will depend on the professional competence and compassionate understanding of those responsible for day-to-day care of the animals and those responsible for the design and strategic management of the laboratory. Two practical expressions of the principle of autonomy, as it applies to society at large, are competition and freedom of choice, both of which are encouraged through the development of new, desirable drugs and chemicals. Use of a well-characterised species instead of a less familiar one may also permit reduction of animal numbers. The pros and cons of this argument have been reviewed by Hobson-West [ 23 ]. Google Scholar Price, E. Copyright information. Bioscience, 34 10 , — Santa Barbara: Greenwood Press. The use of animals in biomedical research. Application of the utilitarian principle to the experimental animals requires the need to minimise harm from the procedures themselves and to promote physical and emotional well-being through good husbandry on a lifetime basis.
Quality of housing and husbandry for test, stock and breeding animals based, wherever possible on the principle of environmental enrichment. Minimising Harms The responsibility of those who work with animals used for scientific purposes, toxicology and drug testing is directed, in the first instance, to minimising harms associated with all scientific procedures calculated to cause pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm, e.
based on 24 review