Judges in the civil jurisdiction do not have the power to imprison a losing party. In addition, there are six judges referred to as Chancery Masters one of whom is the Chief Master and five judges referred to as Bankruptcy Registrars one of whom is the Chief Registrar.
What kinds of cases do civil courts handle? Louis Building Arts Foundation. What if, by trying to empower pro se litigants, we are paradoxically disempowering them, by providing them just enough legal rope to hang themselves… Both Shanahan and Carpenter are advocacy-center directors and academics, as well as practicing attorneys.
I cannot afford a lawyer for my civil Civil courts case. Depending on the area of law and the value of your claim, the entry trial court will either be the Amtsgericht Local or Circuit Court, of which there are throughout Germany or the Landgericht High Court, of which there are This solution still puts the onus of social rehabilitation on the courts, but it would give civil judges the means to provide more socially productive outcomes.
Before all other German civil courts Landgericht, Oberlandesgericht, Bundesgerichtshofthe parties must turn the case over to an attorney, because section 78 German Code of Civil Procedure states that beyond the German Circuit Court level, each party must be duly represented by a counsel which is licensed to practice as a German trial lawyer Rechtsanwalt.
Chances are, however, that your case will not be heard by any of the specialized German courts listed above, because you will most likely want to make a civil or commercial claim against a German defendant.
If you are a crime victim, you do not need a lawyer in criminal court. For smaller claims there is a speedy and cheap way of resolving disputes — through the small claims court. In the absence of a system of federal European courts, the judges from one member state must take the lead.