Officers were intimately connected with the social and political community. Prior to this era, research on crime, police, or criminal justice topics were few and far between.
The patrol car now acted as a as a barrier to the neighborhoods that were once known to the officers on foot patrol. The policing philosophy went back to decentralizing and creating special units of community policing officers.
The abolishment of slavery and the new free black population created many unforeseen issues too with The Klu Klux Klan. To better understand the role of police in society, one has to know the history of how policing became what it is today. Alterations to the purpose, duties, and structure of American police agencies have allowed this profession to evolve from ineffective watch groups to police agencies that incorporate advanced technology and problem-solving strategies into their daily operations Police officers represents the civil authority of the government.
Policing had not yet formally entered the scene; therefore, The Klan operated virtually unencumbered.
Marquette Law Review, 96 4 The detectives, patrol, everyone hit the streets, knocking on doors, questioning everyone, in an attempt to find the criminals responsible.
The professional style was not working which led to studies, research and experiments to try to understand what works.