Pros and cons of gender quotas
The government seems happy enough with the quotas that they've extended them to new hires in the public sector. Women's experiences are needed in political life.
Quotas set women against each other, competing for a certain number of "women's seats", which might destroy co-operation and unity. Introducing quotas may cause conflicts, but only temporarily. Cons Quotas are against the principle of equal opportunity for all, since women are given preference.
That all political parties should not have quotas for female candidates debate
So women take a step back, change job, change career or drop out of the workforce altogether — sometimes by choice, sometimes reluctantly. This article originally appeared at CFR. Every woman is possibly in her role because of quotas, and every man is in his role because of ability. Perhaps rather than strict gender quotas with heavy penalties — effectively forcing companies to promote women, what we need is a softer approach. With extremely harsh penalties — non-compliant companies faced forced liquidation. Women have the right as citizens to equal representation. Quotas bring women's voices into political systems where they are otherwise excluded, short-cutting a process that can naturally take generations. Other factors - like strong political will, enabling women's freedom of movement, and networks of support for female candidates - significantly strengthen the effectiveness of quotas. Or in other words, the end justifies the means.
Pros Quotas for women do not discriminate, but compensate for actual barriers that prevent women from their fair share of the political seats.
Women in leadership positions will be more likely to champion women in other areas of the organization, and help them to also progress.
A less effective version of this quota system has been implemented in the on-going Egyptian parliamentary elections. Introducing quotas creates significant conflicts within the party organization. The first female doctor qualifies despite all male board.
Gender inequality pros and cons
Many of the women on party lists were relatives of politicitians or from prominent families, who ran simply to allow the party to fulfill the legal requirement for female representation. In Ireland, the figure is 8. As I wrote in my book Paradise Beneath Her Feet: How Women are Transforming the Middle East : Iraqi female members of parliament have been regularly insulted by their male colleagues and relegated to working on "women's issues. Are they democratic? They have been used successfully by countries ranging from Norway to Rwanda to India. Election is about representation, not educational qualifications. Iraq has a quota reserving 25 percent of parliamentary seats for women. It's a fraught issue, and over the last few years there's been much back-and-forth about whether quotas damage or promote women's interests. Following a closed-list proportional representation system, parties were required to have equal numbers of men and women on their list, alternating candidates by gender.
She will in time make up her own mind about how she rates me, but the base is solid. It is in fact the political parties that control the nominations, not primarily the voters who decide who gets elected.
based on 62 review