The phenomenon lasted about a decade, ruining over , acres in the panhandles of Oklahoma and Texas touching neighboring sections of New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas.
Farmers were buying expensive, new farm equipment with hopes of large returns, but their increased efficiency saturated the market. Simple everyday activities took such a drastic turn that going to school, taking walks, eating, drinking, and keeping dirt out of the house became extremely difficult Winds in the panhandle reached upwards of 60 MPH, and for at least a brief time, the blackness was so complete that one could not see their own hand in front of their face.
In both worlds, the Farmers were forced off their land by some means, the atmosphere was harmful for people, and the Dust Bowl was the main reason for the start of the great depression Many stock buyers bought stock on boundary, or on money borrowed from the stock brokers.
Byan estimated 35 million acres of formerly cultivated land had been rendered useless for farming, while another million acres—an area roughly three-quarters the size of Texas—was rapidly losing its topsoil.
The Joad family alongside thousands of other refugees also affected by the dirty thirties migrates west towards California seeking employment and a new home.